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  Brief description on  “Odishi”  and  Allied Music

ODISHI MUSIC

 

Ø Odishi”music belongs to the genre of classical music of India and has its origin in the state of Odisha in the eastern part of India. Out of five main branches of Indian classical music such as Avanti, Panchali, “Udramagadhi”, Hindustani and Carnataki, Udramagadhi exists in the form of Odishi music. Odishi songs traditionally depict the love and frolic of Radha and Lord Krishna. This music is performed In JAGNNATH temple ever since it was constructed and deity Lord Jagnnath worshiped. Odissi dance is also performed along with Odishi music.

Ø During twealth century, JAYDEV,  Odia saint poet, composer and illustrious master of classical music developed and given shape to Geeta Govinda in to classical status with the  ragas prevailing  during such period which  subsequently transformed to  “odishi” music by the     exponents of “odishi“. Some of these great exponents of Odisha are late Singhari Shyamsundar Kar, Markeandey Mahapatro. Kashinath Pujapanda, Balkrishna Das, Pt. Bhubaneswar Mishra, Dr. Shyamamani Devi, Sunanda Pattanayak, Gopal Chandra Panda etc,

Ø Odishi is sung through “Raganga”, “Bhavanga”,”Natyanga” and “Dhrubapadanga” followeed by “Champu”, “Chhanda”, “Chautisia”,”Pallavi”,Bhajan”, “Janana” and “Gita Govinda” which are considered to be the different allied act forms of the music A brief description on these ragas and allied act forms of Odishi music is available in Odia language.

Ø The music has its own codified grammar which are presented with specified ragas and distinctive rendition style. It is lyrical in its movements with wave like ornamentation. The pace of singing in “Odishi” is not very fast nor too slow and it maintains proportional tempo which is very soothing. Odishi Mucis has its own special style of singing which is distinct and separate from all other classical music of the country.
 

Ø Dr. Shyamamani Devi who has achieved eminence in classical music has sung in all the ragas and allied act form of “Odishi’. Besides, she has also sung ‘adhunik’ (Modern) and “folk songs” including odia Palli Sangeet. She also achieved popularity in her young age as a playback singer for Odia and Bengali films. She has given voice to Bengali, Hindi and Gujarati songs. Some of her important and popular songs in different forms of “Odishi” and Odia adhunik and film songs are listed separately.

 

          Allied form of Odishi Music

CHHANDO:-
It is composed and sung from the epics of Ramayano, Mahabharat and ancient purano of India eulogizing the various deities in odiya language. The main characteristics of this music form is the stress on rhythms. Every pada (stanza) of a chhando is sung in the same swara.

CHAMPU:-
 Kavya  with admixture of both prose and poem is known as champu. Every song is composed from 34 alphabets of Odiya language ie from “Ko” to “KHYO”. Thus there are total 34 champu. In a particular champu composition, every stanza starts with same alphabet. This is sung in Ragas and talas. There is no taan in this type of music.

CHOUTISA:-

It is the song consists of 34 alphabets of Odiya language. This is sung based on the Bruto  &  Bani  and each stanza is sung by same raga. The difference between champu and choutisa is that while champu has 34 songs based on single alphabet, in the case of choutisa , the entire song is composed of all 34 alphabets.

Chaupadi is also composed of 34 stanzas but is not alphabetically arranged.

JANANA:-
This is the devotional song mainly for praying to the lord for        Compassion or grace. It is sung in more than one raga with domination of the Bhavo. Mostly it is not binding in purely Raga.

BHAJANA:-
This is also another devotional song with basic difference from Janana is that it mainly for praising/eulogizing various God and Goddess of Hindu religion. This is sung based on Japa (like Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare hare).

PALLI:-
It is the folk song of western Odisha ie Sambalpuri and Eastern (Coastal) Odisha, It is sung without any raga but based on the rural style of swara and composed in folk languages of the region.

GITOGOVIND:-

It is also part of Odishi music with lyrics and composition of saint Odia poet “JAYADEV” of thirteenth century. The songs are mixture of Sanskrit and Odia and sung based on the ragas and Tala. After hearing to Geeta Gobinda, Lord Jaganaath goes to sleep.

Latest News!

Latest News     ||
Nov 01, 2017

Dr. Shyamamani Devi is now a renowned top-grade artist of All India Radio

Oct 01, 2017

Was conferred by Utkal Dance & research Academy in October 2016

Apr 01, 2017

On the life history of Dr(Mrs) Shyamamani Devi has been made by Ministry of Culture, Government Of India and same will be released shortly.

Mar 31, 2017

7. One more documentary film on the life and achievement of the artist along with vivid description of Odishi music has been prepared with the financial assistance of Government Odisha. The film will be released shortly.

Mar 01, 2017

The artist was felicitated with “Plaque Samman” instituted by EkramoNrutya Mohotsav at Bhubaneswar in March 2017

Feb 04, 2017

“Dibyo Sangeet Siromoni award” Was conferred on 4th February 2017 by Saibaba Spiritual & Cultural Centre, Bhubaneswar in the presence of Guru Chandrabhanu Satpathy

Feb 01, 2017

On occasion of platinum jubilee birthday celebration of GeetikobiGourhari Dalai, the artist was felicitated in February 2017 at Cuttack.

Jan 01, 2017

Was conferred by Gopinnath Behera Foundation,Cuttack in January 2017

Jan 01, 2017

Was awarded in January 2017

Dec 18, 2016

Was conferred by Gajapati Dibya singh Maharaj,Puri, instituted by Jagannath Chetna Gobesan Pratisthan,Puri on 18th December 2016

Nov 01, 2016

awarded in November 2016

Oct 13, 2016

“Udro Dance Academy Samman” was conferred by Udro Dance Academy, Bhubaneswar on 13th October 2016.

Oct 02, 2016

“Senior citizen Felicitation” was conferred on 2nd October 2016 by Korei Polli Bikash Sanskrutik Foundation, Jajpur.

Oct 01, 2016

Was conferred by Pt. Kundala Adinarayan Charitable Trust in October 2016

Sep 18, 2016

“Geeti Darbar felicitation” was conferred at Sarala Bhavan, Cuttack on 18th September 2016.

Jun 04, 2016

“Nalco Life Time Achievement Award” was awarded By Balkrushna Dash Foundation on 4th June 2016 at Bhubaneswar

Mar 08, 2016

“Singhari felicitation” was conferred by Odishi Research Centre, Bhubaneswar on 8th March 2016.

Jul 02, 2015

“Life Time Achievement Award” was awarded by Odisha Society of America (OSA) at Washington DC,USA on 2nd July 2015 in the presence Of Mrs Nisha Desai Biswal, Deputy Secretary of State of USA, Sri Debiprasad Mishra, Minister of Higher Education and Shri Ashok Kumar Panda, Minister Of Culture, Government of Odisha

May 01, 2015

‘Life Time Achievement” Award by Cuttack Nrutya Utsav during May 2015

Apr 01, 2015

“Suvadra Samman” was conferred by SriJagnnath Sanskrutik Academy Puri in April 2015

Jan 01, 2015

“Sarala life time achievement award” was conferred by M/s IMFA (Indian Metal & Ferro allay Pvt Ltd) in 2015

Oct 26, 2014

“Sarala Award” by IMFA (Indian Metal & Ferro Alloys) Ltd, Bhubaneswar on 26.10.2014.

Apr 19, 2012

“UtkalRatna” sammanby Jagnnath Temple Administration Puri, Odisha during 2012

Jan 04, 2012

Doctorate of Literature was conferred by Utkal University of Culture,Odisha on 04.01.2012

 
Awards